The eminence of Turkey lies in its cultural legacy which is believed to be a concoction of Ottoman Empire including the Roman and the Islamic culture, and the Western Culture. The more the Ottoman Empire proceeded to westernize itself the more number of cultural products were introduced, the instruments being one of them. And today the vast range of instruments used in Turkey stand as the representatives of Turkish cultural heritage.
The Turkish instruments can be segregated into three chief categories, namely string instruments, wind instruments and percussion.
String Instruments: Of the three sorts of instruments this category includes the most important and melodious instruments, Baglama being the foremost of them. Baglama represents a musical family under which come Divan Sazi, Tambura and Cura. The instrument, Baglama itself is common in the urban areas rather than in rural areas. The Baglama instruments are the only ones that can be played both with a plectrum and hands. The Cura, being the shortest of the family is available almost everywhere in Turkey under different names. Other instruments follows in this category are Tar, Kabak Kemane and Kemençe. The ingredients used in making the various parts of a Tar are two bowls, mulberry trees and the heart of cattle and is played with a plectrum. The Kabak Kemane is also found under different name in various parts of Turkey.
Wind instruments: The wind instruments comprise of a series of reed instruments. Instruments under this category include Zurna, Mey, Sipsi, Çifte and Argun. The Zurna is the most famous under the reed instruments and is found in most of the places, whereas the Mey is found only in the Eastern part. Other instruments follow in this category are the Fipple flutes and the Fippleless flutes. Another well known instrument in this category is the Bagpipipes, which simply means a bag but produces sweet melody.
Percussion: The percussion instruments comprise of Spoons, Finger cymbals, Darbuka, Bones, Davul, Nagara, Tef. Davul, being the important figure in this category is found and played almost every part of Turkey.
These Turkish instruments have a worldwide reputation not only because they produces sweet melody but also expresses various emotions conveying joy, happiness, melancholy etc.