The Cappadocia region is the most beautiful place of nature and history in the world. While geographical events have formed the Peribacaları, historically people have become houses and churches inside these peribacas and adorned them with frescoes, making the traces of ancient civilizations thousands of years old.
In the book "Geographika" (Anatolian XII, XIII, XIV) of the 17th book of Strabon from the period of the Roman Emperor Augustus, Strabon states that the boundaries of the Cappadocia region extend as far as the Taurus Mountains in the south, Aksaray in the west, Malatya in the east and Malatya in the east and the Eastern Black Sea in the north.
Today's Cappadocia Region is covered by Nevşehir, Aksaray, Niğde, Kayseri and Kırşehir. The rocky Cappadocia Region, which is a narrower area, consists of Uçhisar, Ürgüp, Avanos, Goreme, Derinkuyu, Kaymakli, Ihlara and its surroundings.
Traditional Cappadocia houses carved into stone and pavilions express the authenticity of the place. These houses were built in the 19th century by cutting slopes from the slopes.
The stone, which is the only architectural material of the region, can be processed very easily since it is soft after the quarry because of the volcanic structure of the area but after it comes in contact with the air it hardens and becomes a very durable building material. Because of the abundance of the materials used and their easy handling, stone craftsmanship, which is unique to the locality, has developed and become an architectural tradition. If the courtyard is necessary, the material of the house doors is wood.
The tops of the arched doors are decorated with stylized ivy or rosette motifs. The dovecotes in the foreground are small structures made in the late 19th and early 18th centuries. Some of the pigeon houses that were important in terms of showing Islamic painting art were built as monasteries or churches. The surface of the Güvercinlik was decorated with rich ornaments and inscriptions by the local artists.